After years of studying many different religions and myths, I am led to believe that most of what I have learned has too many similarities to one another, that one can not help and wonder if it all originates from one single source.
From the stories of the Nephilim in the bible, to the Greek Olympian Gods and Titans of Greek mythology, to the fallen Angels, known as the Watchers in the Book of Enoch, to the Annunaki from the ancient Sumerians, to the Hindu Vedas, Norse mythology, and Roman mythology.
There are many ancient myths that parallel to each other in every religion and culture found all over the world.
The legends of gods, angels, demons, giants, hero’s, flood deluges, and pretty much anything else that the mind can imagine.
Many scholars are making the parallel connection between the Greek Gods, Nephilim and the fallen angels of the Genesis account. The Titans being the fallen angels or as the Book of Enoch calls them, the Watchers; and the Olympians being the Nephilim.
The flood of the Bible and the Greek flood myth are remarkably similar. Is it possible that the Greek myths are not myths? Was Zeus a Nephilim? Nephilim, is the Hebrew words for giants. Was his father (Cronus) a fallen angel called “sons of God” in Genesis 6.
I suspect that the legends of the ancient Greeks possibly embody the truth of what really happened in the past; and that there were these strange hybrid giants that the Greeks called Titans.
Atlas, Perseus, and Hercules, from Greek mythology, were what would be called in the Hebrew, Nephilim (offspring from the inter-marriage of a God and an earthly woman.)
The Legend of Giants
Genesis 6 King James Version (KJV)
1 And it came to pass, when men began to multiply on the face of the earth, and daughters were born unto them,
2 That the sons of God saw the daughters of men that they were fair; and they took them wives of all which they chose.
3 And the LORD said, My spirit shall not always strive with man, for that he also is flesh: yet his days shall be an hundred and twenty years.
4 There were giants in the earth in those days; (The Nephilim) and also after that, when the sons of God came in unto the daughters of men, and they bare children to them, the same became mighty men which were of old, men of renown.
The discussion of giants on earth goes much further and deeper than just this comparison:
There are similarities in the biblical writings of Enoch, in Greek mythology, and ancient Sumerian texts, particularly when it comes to the Watchers. In ancient Sumerian text, we find stories of the Annunaki.
The Sumerians looked at these gods as the Watchers of Earth as well, showing dramatic similarities between the 3 ancient cultures.
There is also mention of the great Sumerian ruler, Gilgamesh, in the Book of Enoch, who often describes the Annunaki in much the same way that Enoch describes the Watchers.
The giants, also called Jotuns in Norse mythology are the first living beings, and the first of these giants was a giant called Ymir, and it is from the corpse of Ymir that the world was created.
A Jotun is a giant with superhuman strength who lives in the land of Jotunheim, which is one of the nine worlds in Norse mythology.
According to the Gylfaginning section of the Prose Edda, Bergelmir and his wife alone among the giants were the only survivors of the enormous deluge of blood which flowed from Ymir’s wounds when he was killed by Odin and his brothers Vili and Vé. They escaped the sanguinary flood by climbing onto an object and subsequently became the progenitors of a new race of Jötunn.
Many of these ancient legends describe the giants as having a fondness for eating human flesh. Numbers 13:32 describes the land of Canaan as:
a “land that devours its inhabitants and all the people whom we saw in it are men of great size. There also we saw the Nephilim (the sons of Anak are part of the Nephilim); and we became like grasshoppers in our own sight, and so we were in their sight.” (Numbers 13:28–33, NASB)
The giants are said to have been the progeny of angels, known as The Watchers, and female humans. Some believe that these giant beings may have been the reason for the great flood as they were seen to be unnatural and harmful to the human race.
In classic Greek mythology we hear stories of the Titans, the first 12 children of Gaia and Uranus, who rebelled against their father.
After a hard-fought battle, the Titans were defeated by Zeus and the Olympians and condemned into Tartarus.
These legends are seen in many other cultures found all over the world: Sumer, Assyrian, Inca, Maya, Epic of Gilgamesh, Persian, Greek, India, Bolivia, South Sea Islands, American Indian.
Every one of these cultures have legends of the star people, these Gods or demi-Gods that came and cohabitated with women and produced hybrid humans. Part human, part god.
In Homer’s Odyssey, the hero Odysseus and his men have some close encounters with man-eating giants. Perhaps the most famous tale from the Odyssey appears when Odysseus visited the island of the Cyclops (Kyklopes). There, Odysseus and some of his men are trapped in the cave of Polyphemus, a giant cyclops who devours six of Odysseus’ men. Eventually Odysseus flees from the cave after spearing the cyclops eye.
When Joshua and the Israelites conquered the land in 1400 BC, they either killed or drove out the giants. Joshua 11:22 tells us that there were no more Anakim left in the land except in Gaza, Gath, and Ashdod. Those familiar with the account of David and Goliath may remember that Goliath was from Gath (1 Samuel 17), as there were other giants mentioned in 2 Samuel 21.
Since the Israelites attacked from the east, it seems very possible that some of the giants who fled would have traveled west via the Mediterranean Sea.
What if some of these giants settled on some of the islands in the nearby Aegean Sea? And what if these islands just happened to be the same islands that were supposedly visited by Odysseus during his return from the Trojan War, which supposedly took place about two centuries after Joshua and the Israelites entered the Promised Land?
Could it be that some of the myths we read about in the Odyssey actually happened in real history?
The Book of Enoch is quoted in the book of Jude and its early chapters expand upon the fallen angel view of Genesis 6:1–4.
According to 1 Enoch, 200 angels decided to marry women and sire children by them. The leaders of these angels are named, and then we are told the following:
And all the others together with them took unto themselves wives, and each chose for himself one, and they began to go in unto them and to defile themselves with them…And they became pregnant, and they bare great giants…who consumed all the acquisitions of men. And when men could no longer sustain them, the giants turned against them and devoured mankind. (1 Enoch 7:1–5)
Similar ideas can be found in other ancient Jewish literature. For example, the Book of Jubilees echoes Enoch the book of Enoch.
And it came to pass when the children of men began to multiply on the face of the earth and daughters were born unto them, that the angels of God saw them on a certain year of this jubilee, that they were beautiful to look upon; and they took themselves wives of all whom they chose, and they bare unto them sons and they were giants. And lawlessness increased on the earth and all flesh corrupted its way, alike men and cattle and beasts and birds and everything that walketh on the earth-all of them corrupted their ways and their orders, and they began to devour each other. (Jubilees 5:1–2)
One of the oldest and most widespread stories of Divine or an earthly intervention in human events can be found in the many great flood myths.
The flood myths are found all over the world, not just in the Holy bible.
Which Story Came First?
The oldest documented flood myth is in the epic of Gilgamesh. The ancient Sumerian tale was discovered on a series of clay tablets dating back thousands of years ago. The story is almost identical to the story of Noah. There are only a few slight differences.
Utnapishtim tells Gilgamesh a secret story that begins in the old city of Shuruppak on the banks of the Euphrates River.
The “great gods” Anu, Enlil, Ninurta, Ennugi, and Ea were sworn to secrecy about their plan to cause the flood.
But the god Ea (Sumerian god Enki) repeated the plan to Utnapishtim through a reed wall in a reed house.
Ea commanded Utnapishtim to demolish his house and build a boat, regardless of the cost, to keep living beings alive.
The boat must have equal dimensions with corresponding width and length and be covered over like Apsu boats.
Utnapishtim promised to do what Ea commanded.
He asked Ea what he should say to the city elders and the population.
Ea tells him to say that Enlil has rejected him and he can no longer reside in the city or set foot in Enlil’s territory.
He should also say that he will go down to the Apsu “to live with my lord Ea”.
Note: ‘Apsu’ can refer to a fresh water marsh near the temple of Ea/Enki at the city of Eridu.
Ea will provide abundant rain, a profusion of fowl and fish, and a wealthy harvest of wheat and bread.
Matsya (the incarnation of Lord Vishnu as a fish) forewarns Manu (a human) about an impending catastrophic flood and orders him to collect all the grains, and all living creatures to be preserved in the boat.
The ancient Greeks believed in a flood that destroyed all mankind, similar to the account described in the Bible. In the Greek myth, the flood took place during the age of Deucalion.
Zeus, atop Mount Olympus, was disgusted at the degeneration of humans, and in particular, the practice of human sacrifice. Zeus assembled the Gods and decided to wipe out mankind by force of water.
Very similar to (Psalms 82 – Divine Council)
Psalms 82 – Divine Council
1 God presides in the great assembly; he renders judgment among the “gods”:
2 “How long will you defend the unjust, and show partiality to the wicked?
3 Defend the weak and the fatherless; uphold the cause of the poor and the oppressed.
4 Rescue the weak and the needy; deliver them from the hand of the wicked.
5 “The ‘gods’ know nothing, they understand nothing.
They walk about in darkness; all the foundations of the earth are shaken.
6 “I said, ‘You are “gods”; you are all sons of the Most High.’
7 But you will die like mere mortals; you will fall like every other ruler.”
8 Rise up, O God, judge the earth, for all the nations are your inheritance.
There are many differences between the Greek myth and the Flood described in the Bible. However, both accounts maintain that the world was destroyed as the result of mankind’s sin, and the human race was saved by a few individuals leading a righteous life.
Perhaps some of the similarities only exist because ancient legends were changed to accommodate or include biblical ideas. But it does not make sense to conclude that the ancient Greeks only taught these ideas because they heard them from Christian missionaries. The sources for these Greek myths have been around since long before Christianity. So, the story of Noah is not just an event that only happed in the bible, It’s part of a much bigger story.
There are many other similarities and possible parallels between the biblical accounts, ancient Greek mythology, Sumerian, and many other myths from all over the world. Some of these connections may be coincidental, but I highly doubt that.
The Bible records the true history of our world without embellishment, while many ancient cultures preserve portions of the true history that are often obscured by legendary details.
It seems as if the moral of the story is that mankind is expected to clean up their act and work together to help one another to help save our people, animals, and everything else on our beautiful planet, Gaia!
Genesis 11 New International Version (NIV)
The Tower of Babel
Now the whole world had one language and a common speech. As people moved eastward, they found a plain in Shinar and settled there.
They said to each other, “Come, let’s make bricks and bake them thoroughly.” They used brick instead of stone, and tar for mortar. 4 Then they said, “Come, let us build ourselves a city, with a tower that reaches to the heavens, so that we may make a name for ourselves; otherwise we will be scattered over the face of the whole earth.”
But the Lord came down to see the city and the tower the people were building. The Lord said, “If as one people speaking the same language they have begun to do this, then nothing they plan to do will be impossible for them. 7 Come, let us go down and confuse their language so they will not understand each other.”
So the Lord scattered them from there over all the earth, and they stopped building the city. That is why it was called Babel—because there the Lord confused the language of the whole world. From there the Lord scattered them over the face of the whole earth.
It is a best practice to utterly ignore the vague, generic, subjective and un-biblical English term “giants” since it is used to pseudo-translate both the strictly pre-flood hybrid Nephilim and the strictly post-flood human Repahim–some end up correlating things that the Hebrew text never does by chasing that English term around the Bible.
A quick check of Numbers 13:34 shows that the Hebrew word used there is nĕphiyl, (Strongs # h5303) and is rendered γίγαντας in the LXX greek translation of the Scriptures by the ancient Jewish scribes (as best we can tell) in Alexander Egypt. Gígantes/γίγαντας is properly translated into the English word “giants” best I can tell.
Repahim appear to be one of the local post-flood names for them.
By the way, I don’t know much about this blog site, but this article only. Our world shouldn’t be called by a pagan greek name “Gaia”, for: “The earth is Jehovah’s, and the fulness thereof; the world, and they that dwell therein.”
Should read “Numbers 13:33” not 13:24 in my post above.
“And Poseidon, receiving for his lot the island of Atlantis, begat children by a mortal woman, and settled them in a part of the island which I will proceed to describe.”
Seems a lot like Genesis 4 to me. I believe Poseidon may have been a fallen angel.
Thank you for the highly interesting and well researched article.
But that means that you actually believe unfaithful, disloyal, contradictory, embellishers who presented an “evil report” for which God rebuked them. Rephaim are utterly unrelated to Nephilim: you can’t even get that even if you believe guys whom God rebuked.
God rebuked them because, unlike Caleb and Joshua, the ten spies did not trust God to give them victory. Their report was honest, but they lacked faith in God to deliver the land to them.
There were absolutely giants in the land, and Joshua, Caleb and David were shown to have fought them.
Gigantes means “earth-born” as in born of Gaia.
The issue isn’t the usage of a word in that one single verse but who spoke it, why did they speak it, what was the reaction to it, etc.
That was spoken by utterly unreliable guys within an evil report and who were rebuked by God.
They just made up a fear-mongering scare-tactic “Don’t go in the woods style of tall-tale.
You seem to imply that God failed: He meant to be rid of them but couldn’t get the job done and the flood was much of a waste.
They did not trust God (but you trust them) which led them to make up a scare-tactic, fear-mongering tall-tale. The report contains five mere assertions that aren’t backed by even one single other verse in the entire Bible.
Since you believe them, now you have to literally invent a way to get Nephilim past the flood.
As for “There were absolutely giants in the land” I’d have to know what you mean by “giants.”
Whom they fought were Rephaim, et al, not Nephilim. In your Bible “giants” either renders (doesn’t even translate) “Nephilim” (in 2 vss) or “Rephaim” (in 98% of all other usages) and it never even hint at anything about height whatsoever.